The Scottish-born Harrison was the first editor, and later owner, of the Geelong Advertiser, which was the first country newspaper in Victoria and later became the first regional daily in Australia. His paper was the first to report the discovery of gold in Victoria. Harrison was an early advocate of tariff protection, a cause he later promoted strongly as editor of The Age under David Syme. Harrison made a global impact by developing mechanical refrigeration after he noticed that the ether he used to clean movable type at his Geelong paper had a cooling effect when it evaporated.
Watch the video tribute (0:47)
Grandson James Harrison accepting award (0:51)